Alexandria in Egypt - The Pearl of the Mediterranean

Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt extending about 32 kilometers along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country. It is regarded as the Pearl of the Mediterranean. It has a rich history and became an important center of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic and Roman Egypt for almost one thousand years. Few cities of the world have a history as rich as that of Alexandria and few cities have witnessed so many historic events and legends.

Alexandria's status as a beacon of culture is symbolized by Pharos, the legendary lighthouse that was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Library of Alexandria was the largest library of the ancient world and the place where great philosophers and scientists of that age came to seek knowledge. Today, it's a faded shade of its former glorious cosmopolitan self, but still worth a visit for its many cultural attractions and still-palpable glimpses of its past.

The city today has a vast array of different archaeological sites that can be admired, such as Pompey’s Pillar. In addition to the archaeological aspects, Alexandria boasts a plentiful amount of buildings and various stunning monuments. Alexandria has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern; its ambiance and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country although it is only 225 km. from Cairo. Alexandria is also an important tourist resort.

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