Vatican City - The Smallest Official Country in the World

Situated in the middle of Rome is the smallest official country in the world, Vatican City. It is a city-state and has an area of just 0.44 square kilometers, and a population of just over 800. Vatican is thus recognized as the smallest sovereign state in the world by both area and population. It was established as an independent state in 1929.

Vatican City is not only the center of the Catholic religion but also a great place to visit. It might be a tiny city but it houses the world's largest Catholic church St. Peter's Basilica. There you have one of the best collections of artistic masterpieces in the world. The Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo's Pieta, the Laocoon Group, etc. have a great amount of famous artwork that is on display within them.

More than half of the Vatican City is occupied by Vatican Gardens. The gardens were established during the Renaissance and Baroque era and are decorated with beautiful fountains and sculptures.

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