The Nile River - Longest River in the World

The Nile is a major river in northeastern Africa and is the father of African rivers. Stretching for 6,650 kilometers from East Africa to the Mediterranean, it rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile River is believed to be the longest river in the world.

Nile River and Delta from Orbit 

The Nile drains an area estimated at 3,349,000 square kilometers. It lies in the following countries: Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo, Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, and Egypt. In particular, the Nile River provides the primary water resource and so it is the life artery for its downstream countries such as Egypt and Sudan. The Nile is formed by three principal streams: the Blue Nile, the White Nile and the Arbara. Its most distant source is the Kagera River in Burundi.

 
The northern section of the river flows almost entirely through desert, from Sudan into Egypt, a country whose civilization has depended on the river since ancient times. The Nile River basin, which covers about one-tenth of the area of the continent, served as the stage for the evolution and decay of advanced civilizations in the ancient world. Most of the population and cities of Egypt lie along those parts of the Nile valley north of Aswan. Most of Ancient Egypt’s historical sites are located along the banks of the Nile River including cities such as Luxor and Cairo.


The Nile ends in a large delta named the Nile Delta that empties into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile Delta in Northern Egypt is around 160 kilometers in length and spreads out over 240 kilometers of coastline. It is rich in agriculture and has been farmed for thousands of years. Around 40 million people (half of Egypt’s population) live in the Nile Delta region.

1 Responses to “The Nile River - Longest River in the World”

Jaxson corey said...
May 27, 2013 at 10:59 AM

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