The Grand Canyon - The Most Spectacular Gorge in the World

Carved out by the Colorado River, the Grand Canyon is a powerful and inspiring landscape in the state of Arizona in the United States. It is the most spectacular gorge in the world. The Grand Canyon is 446 kilometers long, up to 29 kilometers wide and 1.6 kilometers deep. Its vastness is stunning and it overwhelms our senses through its immense size. It is among the earth’s greatest on-going geological spectacles. Nearly 5 million people see the 1 mile deep Grand Canyon each year.

The Grand Canyon is considered one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Exactly how the river formed the canyon is still unclear. But geologists generally agree that most of the cutting occurred within the last six million years. It was formed during six million years of geologic activity and erosion by the Colorado River on the upraised earth’s crust. Recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago. Since that time, the Colorado River continued to erode and form the canyon to its present-day configuration.

Most people see Grand Canyon from along the South Rim with its dramatic views into the deep inner gorge of the Colorado River. It is the most accessible part of the Grand Canyon and is 2134 meters above the sea level on an average. The North Rim, on the other hand, is much less accessible and is 2438 meters above the sea level on an average. A much smaller number of people see the Canyon from the North Rim though it rises 305 meters higher than the South Rim.

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